Palestinians rioted when the Israelis opened the northern end of their excavations to allow those who walk the tunnel an exit in the Muslim quarter of old Jerusalem.
When Jesus was alive, the northern end of the Temple mountain (Moriah) was the location of Antonio's Fortress, the place where Roman soldiers headquartered and where Pontius Pilate resided when he visited Jerusalem from his headquarters in Caesarea by the Sea. Antonio's Fortress, built by Herod, was dedicated to the deceased Roman Caesar, Mark Antony. Herod had thousands of quarry men cut out stones from the bedrock of Mount Moriah to build the Temple, the Temple platform, Antonio's Fortress, and the massive Colonnade on the southern end of the Temple Mount.
Antonio's fortress had four towers, one on the southwest, one on the northwest, one on the southeast, above the people in the Temple courtyard and those outside the courtyard on the sidewalk (the sidewalk we now walk in the excavations along the Western Wall). It was here that the people cried "Crucify Him, Crucify Him" and demanded that Barabbas be released and that Jesus die.
and one on the northeast (see picture). It was in the southwest tower that Jesus was brought high
Underneath this southwestern tower of Antonio's Fortress where Jesus stood condemned before the people, on the sidewalk that all the people of Jerusalem walked, was a rock that is part of the bedrock of Mount Moriah. When one walks the excavated Western Wall tunnel, the excavated sidewalk comes to an end directly underneath the southwest tower of Antonio's Fortress. Here, on a public sidewalk, a massive rock stands. The Jews in Jesus day would have been very familiar with this rock. The quarry workers in the days of King Herod (37-4 B.C.) had started to cut the rock out of the bedrock of Mount Moriah (you can see the chiseling), but for some reason, the builders of the Temple rejected the rock and stopped their work to pull it out. So, in the day of Jesus, anyone walking south to north along the sidewalk outside the Western Wall would have come to the rock "rejected by the builders."
Above that very familiar rock, Jesus Christ was condemned by the Jews. He was...
"The stone the builders rejected." (Psalm 118:22).
Jesus knew the significance of the rock underneath the tower on which He would be rejected and condemned by His own people, and He said, "Have you never read in the Scriptures: 'The Stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; The Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes.'" (Matthew 21:42).